Lack of mineral fertilizers fertilization at risk
Confagricoltura Emilia-Romagna raises the alarm: from Russia, Egypt and Eastern European countries, as well as from France and Germany, normally 75-80% of the nutritive elements at the base of fertilizers, especially nitrogen, arrive. But now everything is practically blocked
The delay is frightening: the importation plans of mineral fertilizers are missing. The alarm is expressed in a note by Confagricoltura, which is also the spokesperson for the main fertilizer plants in the area, which do not have the raw material to prepare the product. Italy is highly dependent on foreign countries, and these products are not found even paying dearly.
"We are putting at risk the fertilizations planned for the next campaign - says the president of Confagricoltura Emilia Romagna, Marcello Bonvicini -. From Russia and Egypt, but also from Eastern European countries as well as France and Germany, 75-80% of the nutrients at the base of the fertilizers used in Emilia-Romagna arrive, especially nitrogen".
Strong foreign dependence
Italy - according to Confagricoltura (Italian Farmers' Confederation) - uses in agriculture an annual volume of fertilizers equal to 2.5 million tons (source: Silc), but only a small percentage, that of organic origin, is available on the national market. The remaining part cannot be produced internally because it consists of mineral substances exclusively imported. Their cost, pushed up by energy and logistic increases, has slowed down Italian importers, opening a phase of stalemate.
"Alternative strategies are being studied, in collaboration with leading producers. We are working - explains Bonvicini - on cultivation protocols able to optimize fertilization and reduce up to 30% the need for nitrogen thanks to the use of alternative inputs".
In the new scenario, it becomes crucial to favor organic fertilization, rich in nitrogen and with a high level of quality.
fertilizing value. "It is necessary - concludes Bonvicini - to positively re-evaluate the agronomic use of livestock manure, too often the subject of instrumental controversy, and of digestate from livestock manure as a residue of the anaerobic digestion process aimed at the production of biogas or biomethane".